What is deworming ?
Deworming also called as dehelmintization is the giving of an anthelmintic drug to a human or animal to kill or prevent from infection caused by helminths parasites.
Most common helminthes that infect humans are roundworm, hookworm, pin worm, whip worm, guinea worm, fish tapeworm etc.
Worms are the parasites that live and fed in human intestine are causes malnutrition and growth retardation in childrens.
Helminthes most commonly transmitted by contaminated food by eggs of worm present in soil thatswhy childrens are more prone to be infected.
What is deworming day ?
Deworming day is celebrated in many countries in order to create awareness in public especially in poor socio-economic areas or overpopulated areas where rate of infection is high.
It is achieved by making posters or banners or by social media or by direct conversation with peoples.
What is national deworming day ?
National deworming day/NDD is observed in india on february 10 that aims at eradicating intestinal worm infections caused in childrens of 1 to 19 years of age group.
According to the report of world health organization approx 240 million childrens in india of 1 to 14 year age are at the risk of worm infection.
On national deworming day in india childrens of 1 to 19 year of age can receive treatment for intestinal worms from teachers at all government and government-aided schools and from anganwadi workers annually.
Teachers and anganwadi workers are advised to give antihelminth drugs as childrens are more comfortable with their teachers.
When is national deworming day ?
In india, national deworming day is celabrated on february 10 every year.
How do worms spread ?
1. Infected child contaminates the soil with the faeces in which eggs of worms are passed. These eggs devops into larvae form in soil.
2. Other childrens get infected by food contaminated with soil or by direct penetration through skin.
3. In infected childrens, larvae devoleps into adult worms and causes ill effects.
4. Severe worm infection may leads to complications like intestinal obstruction,growth retardation in childrens due to malabsorbtion etc
How to prevent spread of worm infection ?
Worm infection can be prevented by maintaining hygiene or
1. Washing hands, particularly before eating and after using toilets.
2. Using sanitary latrines
3. Wearing footwear while working
4. Drinking clean water
5. Eating properly cooked food
6. Washing vegetables,fruits before eating
What treatment is given on national deworming day ?
Albendazole and mebenzazole are the drugs used for killing intestinal parasites.
Albendazole is the drug used by the government of india and is a safe treatment for intestinal worms used across the globe.
The recommended dosage for children between the ages of 2 and 19 is 1 tablet (400 mg) and for children between the ages of 1 and 2 is half tablet (200 mg).
For young children the tablets should be broken and crushed and then to be administered with water.
Albendazole has very few side effects in children. There may be some side effects like dizziness, nausea, headache, and vomiting, all likely due to the worms being passed through the child’s body.
About national deworming day :
Ministry of health and family welfare in 2015 started national deworming program in 277 districts on 11 states and union territories.
In 2016, national deworming day , a day and programme dedicated to deworm children, was started to cover all the districts across the country.